ON THIS DAY
1874 – A cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper’s Weekly, is considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the United States Republican Party.
1893 – Women’s suffrage: Women in the U.S. state of Colorado are granted the right to vote, the second state to do so.
1910 – The first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse.
1913 – The first day of the Great Lakes Storm of 1913, a massive blizzard that ultimately killed 250 and caused over $5 million (about $118,098,000 in 2013 dollars) damage. Winds reach hurricane force on this date.
1929 – In New York City, the Museum of Modern Art opens to the public.
1944 – Franklin D. Roosevelt elected for a record fourth term as President of the United States of America.
1983 – United States Senate bombing: A bomb explodes inside the United States Capitol. No one is injured, but an estimated $250,000 in damage is caused.
1989 – David Dinkins becomes the first African American to be elected Mayor of New York City.
1991 – Magic Johnson announces that he is infected with HIV and retires from the NBA.
1996 – NASA launches the Mars Global Surveyor.
2000 – Controversial US presidential election that is later resolved in the Bush v. Gore Supreme Court Case, electing George W. Bush the 43rd President of the United States.