Here’s What Happened On This Day in History: October 11

reagan and gorbachev meet in reykjavik
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1776: Benedict Arnold and the Battle of Valcour Island
Brigadier General Benedict Arnold and 15 American gunboats are defeated during the American Revolution by Sir Guy Carleton. Although the ships were lost, the Patriots kept fighting for two days providing time for other members of the rebellion to prepare to defend New York.

Battle of Valcour Island in the American Revolutionary War.

Battle of Valcour Island in the American Revolutionary War.

1793: Yellow fever breaks out in Philadelphia
The death toll from a yellow fever epidemic in Philadelphia hits 100 on this day in 1793. By the time it ended, 5,000 people were dead.

George Washington arriving at Congress Hall in Philadelphia, March 4, 1793

George Washington arriving at Congress Hall in Philadelphia, March 4, 1793

1809: Meriwether Lewis dies in Tennessee
On this day in 1809, the famous explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances in the early hours of the morning after stopping for the night at Grinder’s Tavern along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee.

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Meriwether Lewis Memorial — Natchez Trace Parkway

1862: Stuart hits Pennsylvania
Confederate cavalry leader General J.E.B. Stuart loots Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, on a risky raid in the aftermath of the bloody Battle of Antietam in Maryland.

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Raid on Chambersburg

1890: DAR is Founded
In Washington, D.C., the Daughters of the American Revolution is founded.

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The Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) Headquarters

1906: School Segregation Sparks Diplomatic Crisis
San Francisco public school board sparks a diplomatic crisis between the United States and Japan by ordering Japanese students to be taught in racially segregated schools.

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First-graders, some of Japanese ancestry, at the Weill public school, San Francisco, Calif., pledging allegience to the United States flag.

1910: First U.S. president to fly in an airplane
Former President Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. president to fly in an airplane. He flew for four minutes with Arch Hoxsey in a plane built by the Wright brothers at Kinloch Field (Lambert–St. Louis International Airport), St. Louis, Missouri.

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President Theodore Roosevelt addresses a large crowd outside of Pearsons Hall on the campus of Pomona College in Claremont. The president was met at the local Sante Fe train station and drawn by students in a carriage to the Hall where a platform had been built and decorated with the colors of both Harvard University and Pomona College. The local newspaper reported that thousands came to hear the President, who spoke for 25 minutes without a microphone. Before he left the campus, he planted a California oak tree in front of the hall. Roosevelt was then escorted back to the train station and departed for Los Angeles, via Pasadena.

1923: A mail car explodes in a train robbery
Three men blow up the mail car of a Southern Pacific train carrying passengers through southern Oregon in a botched robbery attempt.

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Postcard photo of a Southern Pacific Railroad Mallet compound steam locomotive used for freight service.

1925: Elmore Leonard is born
Novelist Elmore Leonard was born on this day in New Orleans in 1925. Elmore John Leonard Jr. was an American novelist, short story writer, and screenwriter. His earliest novels, published in the 1950s, were Westerns, but he went on to specialize in crime fiction and suspense thrillers, many of which have been adapted into motion pictures.

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Graham Yost and Elmore Leonard 70th Annual Peabody Awards Luncheon

1942: United States defeats Japanese in the Battle of Cape Esperance
On this day in 1942, the American Navy intercepts a Japanese fleet of ships on their way to reinforce troops at Guadalcanal. The Navy succeeded in its operation, sinking a majority of the ships.

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The U.S. Navy light cruiser USS Boise (CL-47) arrives at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, Pennsylvania (USA), for battle damage repairs, in November 1942. She had been hit by enemy shellfire in the Battle of Cape Esperance in October 1942, resulting in a large fire that burned out her three forward 6″/47 gun turrets and their ammunition spaces.

1968: First Manned Apollo Mission
Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission, is launched with astronauts Walter M. Schirra, Jr.; Donn F. Eisele; and Walter Cunningham aboard.

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The prime crew of the first Apollo space mission from left to right are: Command Module pilot, Don F. Eisele, Commander, Walter M. Schirra Jr. and Lunar Module pilot, Walter Cunningham. The photograph was taken inside the White Room which is attached to the crew access arm. From here astronauts ingress and egress the spacecraft. Commander Wally Schirra Jr. is seen inside the opening of the Command Module’s main hatch.

1975: Saturday Night Live debuts
On this day in 1975, Saturday Night Live (SNL), a topical comedy sketch show featuring Chevy Chase, John Belushi, Dan Aykroyd, Gilda Radner, Garrett Morris, Jane Curtin and Laraine Newman, makes its debut on NBC.

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Chevy Chase by Alan Light

1975: Bruce Springsteen has his first pop hit with “Born to Run”
On this day in 1975, the epic single “Born to Run” became Bruce Springsteen’s first-ever Top 40 hit, marking the start of his eventual transition from little-known cult figure to international superstar.

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Bruce Springsteen receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama at the White House in Washington, D.C.

1975: Bill Clinton marries Hillary Rodham
On this day in 1975, William Jefferson Clinton marries Hillary Rodham in Little Rock, Arkansas.

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Bill and Hillary Clinton via Ever After Guide

1984: First American Woman Performs Space Walk
Aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger, astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan becomes the first American woman to perform a space walk.

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Kathryn D. Sullivan

1986: Reagan and Gorbachev meet in Reykjavik
Cold War: U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Reykjavík, Iceland, in an effort to continue discussions about scaling back their intermediate missile arsenals in Europe.

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President Reagan meeting with Soviet General Secretary Gorbachev at Hofdi House during the Reykjavik Summit. Iceland.

1987: First public display of AIDS Memorial Quilt
First public display of AIDS Memorial Quilt on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., during the Second National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights.

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Picture of the AIDS quilt in front of the Washington Monument

2000: NASA Launches Discovery
NASA launches STS-92, the 100th Space Shuttle mission, using Space Shuttle Discovery.

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Spectators at the NASA News Center at Kennedy Space Center get a birds-eye-view of Space Shuttle Discovery as it roars through a stray cloud after liftoff.

2002: Jimmy Carter wins Nobel Prize
On this day in 2002, former President Jimmy Carter wins the Nobel Peace Prize “for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development.”

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Egyptian President Anwar Sadat (left), U.S. President Jimmy Carter (center), and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin shakes hands at the conclusion of the Camp David Peace Accords signing ceremony in the East Room of the White House on September 17, 1978.

2003: Martinez-Zimmer scuffle interrupts ALCS
On October 11, 2003, a bench-clearing brawl between the Boston Red Sox and the New York Yankees interrupts the third game of the American League playoffs in Boston.